In Christian Wisdom: Desiring God and Learning in Love (pp. 81–89), David Ford offers ten maxims for interpreting scripture:
Maxim 1. Read and reread scripture above all for God and God’s purposes; hear it as God the Creator, Judge and saviour crying out to humanity; respond to it in cries, worship, life and thought, with love for God and the world God loves.And to leave his readers in doubt about the meaning of these maxims, the next two chapters are devoted to the book of Job as a worked example, read in dialogue with post-Holocaust Jewish readings and Micheal O’Siadhail’s poetry cycle The Gossamer Wall.
Maxim 2. Read scripture guided by the wisdom of the church’s rule of faith, participating in its ongoing drama of God’s engagement with humanity.
Maxim 3. Read the Old and New Testaments together in the Spirit of the risen Jesus Christ; be alert to their mutual illumination and to the figural potential between and beyond them; be in dialogue especially with Jewish readings.
Maxim 4. Seek first the plain sense of scripture in all its literal and metaphorical richness and also be alert for other senses.
Maxim 5. Learn who Jesus Christ is for God and for us through following the testimony to his life, death and resurrection, in conversation with all four Gospels, with the diverse voices of the rest of the Bible, and with all truth and wisdom.
Maxim 6. Read scripture as part of the church (past, present and future) in worship and meditation, in study and conversation around the text, and alert to the realities and cries of the world.
Maxim 7. Become apprenticed to past and present wise readers of scripture who have lived their lives in response to its message.
Maxim 8. Let conversations around scripture be open to all people, religions, cultures, arts, disciplines, media and spheres of life.
Maxim 9. Read scripture in the Spirit, immersed in life, desiring God’s future, and open to continually fresh rereadings in new situations.
Maxim 10. Let us reread in love!
I think this theocentric approach with its emphasis on love for the other is a very useful corrective, on the one hand, to self-serving liberal readings that merely use scripture to justify positions arrived at on other grounds (notably subjective experience) and, on the other hand, to self-righteous conservative readings that use scripture as a weapon to defend entrenched positions and attack those who think/believe differently.